priority queue data structure Elements are stored in an array, which grows dynamically in size as new elements are added to the queue. The ordering is done through a pointer comparison function. The array is organized as follows. The root element (that is the "best" element $r$ with $r <= x$ for all $x$) is stored in position 0. The children of an element at position $p$ are stored at positions $q_1 = 2*p+1$ and $q_2 = 2*p+2$. That means, the parent of the element at position $q$ is at position $p = (q-1)/2$. At any time, the condition holds that $p <= q$ for each parent $p$ and its children $q$. Insertion and removal of single elements needs time $O(log n)$.
Definition at line 69 of file struct_misc.h.